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Logarithmic Equations and Systems

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logarithmic equation is an equation that has an unknown factor in the argument of a logarithm. In reality, the resolution is reduced to the resolution of equations of the same type as the expressions in the arguments (quadratic equations, cubic equations, irrational equations...).

This document is a collection of resolved exercises of equations and equation systems of this kind, which are intended to be in order of increasing difficulty.

In the majority of logarithms the base is not specified, because we suppose it's 10. Although, in this sense, we must decide that in the majority of scientific texts, if it does not say otherwise, that the base is e (as it's known, Napierian logarithm).

Example 1: logarithmic equation

 

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

We use the logarithmic properties and we write 3 as log(1000) to obtain an equality between logarithms:

 

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

 

 

 

The logarithms are worth the same when their arguments (what's inside) are the same

 

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

We resolve the equation:

 

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

 

 

Now we have to prove that for these values of x the arguments are not 0 nor negative. But x+1 = 1001/99 > 0. 

Therefore, it is the solution.

Example 2: logarithmic equation

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

In this equation, when applying the properties to obtain an equality of logarithms, we will need to resolve a quadratic equation:

 

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notice that the only possible solution is x = 3 due to the fact that the arguments have to be positive.

 

Example 3: logarithmic equation system

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

We apply the change of variable

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

This way we obtain the following linear equation system

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

we resolve it and we undo the cange of variable:

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

 

 

Others:

Logarithmic Equations and Systems

Matesfacil.com by J. Llopis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Fecha publicación: 6.2.2017

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